There were no Palestinian Terrorists around during the siege of Masada - Only Romans and Jews
Sunday, January 28, 2018
The siege of Masada was one of the final events in the First Jewish–Roman War, occurring from 73 to 74 CE on a large hilltop in current-day Israel. The siege was chronicled by Flavius Josephus, a Jewish rebel leader captured by the Romans, in whose service he became a historian.
According to Josephus the long siege by the troops of the Roman Empire led to the mass suicide of the Sicarii rebels and resident Jewish families of the Masada
fortress. Masada has become a controversial event in Jewish history,
with some regarding it as a place of reverence, commemorating fallen
ancestors and their heroic struggle against oppression, and others
regarding it as a warning against extremism and the refusal to
Masada is "a lozenge-shaped table-mountain" that is "lofty, isolated, and to all appearance impregnable".
The terrain made it difficult to reach the top of the mountain because
there was only one narrow pathway, not even wide enough for two people
to climb together. This pathway is known as "the Snake" because it
"worms its way to the summit with many ingenious zig-zags". The fortress of Masada has been referred to as the place where David rested, after he "fled from his father-in-law, King Saul".
Flavius Josephus, a Jew born and raised in Jerusalem, is the only historian to provide a detailed account of the Great Jewish Revolt and the only person who recorded what happened on Masada. After being captured during the Siege of Yodfat and then freed by Vespasian, Josephus chronicled the Roman campaign. Josephus presumably based his narration on the field commentaries of the Roman commanders. According to Josephus, Masada was first constructed by the Hasmoneans. Between 37 and 31 BCE Herod the Great fortified it as a refuge for himself in the event of a revolt.
In 66 CE, at the beginning of the Great Jewish Revolt against the
Roman Empire, a group of Jewish extremists called the Sicarii overcame
the Roman garrison of Masada and settled there. The Sicarii were commanded by Eleazar ben Ya'ir,
and in 70 CE they were joined by additional Sicarii and their families
expelled from Jerusalem by the Jewish population with whom the Sicarii
were in conflict. Shortly thereafter, following the Roman siege of Jerusalem and subsequent destruction of the Second Temple, additional members of the Sicarii and many Jewish families fled Jerusalem and settled on the mountaintop, with the Sicarii using it as a refuge and base for raiding the surrounding countryside.
The works of Josephus are the sole record of the events that took place
during the siege. According to modern interpretations of Josephus, the
Sicarii were an extremist splinter group of the Zealots and were equally antagonistic to both Romans and other Jewish groups. It was the Zealots, in contrast to the Sicarii, who carried the main burden of the rebellion, which opposed Roman rule of Judea (as the Roman province of Judaea, its Latinized name).