Suhadeva's reign many foreigners, mainly Muslims, came into Kashmir. The chief amongst them was a
Muslim missionary popularly known as Bulbul Shah who converted Renchana, a Tibetan prince settled as
a refugee in Kashmir where he became king later. He was followed by Shah Mir who came in 1313 A. D.
along with his numerous relations. Suhadeva received him well, being the son of a renowned Muslim
divine, and bestowed a Jagir upon him. Lankar Chak, an adventurer, also came during Suhadeva's reign
and settled in Kashmir under Suhadeva's patronage.
Things went on thus when a terrific catastrophe
swept over the country which developed a crisis of a far reaching character, sufficient to pave the path for
the epoch-making changes that followed the event. Dulchu, a Tartar chief invaded Kashmir with an army
of 70,000 strong. Suhadeva fled towards Kishtwar leaving his kingdom to the tender mercies of the
merciless invader. Dulchu ordered a massacre. Thousands were killed, many more were sold as slaves to
Tartar merchants who had accompanied him. Towns were set on fire, standing crops were destroyed and
having stayed here for about eight months Dulchu took about 50,000 Brahmans with himself as slaves
only to perish with all his troops and slaves while crossing Devsar pass.
Dulchu went away from the country.
Thus a Muslim ruling class sprang into existence. This class also needed
support, and they used various methods for the proselytisation of their faith. The simple tenets of Islam
backed by official support gained many adherents from the lower castes. Only the Brahmans put a brave
front, as we shall presently see.
Renchana died in the year 1326 A.D. He left behind his widow Kota Rani and a minor son Haidar Shah
who on account of his minority was not considered for the kingship.the famous Vijiveshwara temple which was
partially damaged by Shahabud Din were destroyed and with the material of the latter a mosque was built
and on its site a Khanaka which is even now known as Vijeshwar Khanaka.''
After having described the
destruction of many temples the ruins of which even now bespeak a fully developed architectural
grandeur and massiveness, Hassan further on says that "Sikandar meted out greatest oppression to the
Hindus. It was notified in the city that if a Hindu does not become a Muslim, he must leave the country or
be killed. As a result some of the Hindus fled away and some accepted Islam and many Brahmans
consented to be killed and gave their lives. It is said that Sikandar collected by these methods about three
khirwars (six mounds) of sacred threads ( from Hindu converts ) and burnt them.
Hazrat Amir Kabir who
was a witness to all this orgy of brute passion and vandalism at last advised him to desist from the
slaughter of Brahmans, and told him to impose Jazia instead of death upon them. All the Hindu books of
learning were collected and thrown into Dal lake and were buried beneath stones and earth."
Governmental coercion, coupled with brisk proselytising activities indulged in by the Muslim preachers
and also the privileged position which the fresh converts secured succeeded in bringing about a mass
Sikandar himself was fired with a zeal to change the character of his rule into a purely Islamic
administration and a considerable advance was made in this direction. He fully believed that the danger to
the infant State was only from the Hindus. That danger had to be eliminated by any methods. Hence the
persecution of the Hindus.