| Islam’s Greatest Victory: The Fall of Constantinople, May 29, 1453
| Thursday, May 30, 2019
BCF : Today in history, on May 29, 1453, the sword of Islam conquered Constantinople.
|The fall of Constantinople|
Of all Islam’s conquests of Christian territory, this was by far the most symbolically significant. For not only was Constantinople a living and direct extension of the old Roman Empire and current capital of the Christian Roman Empire (or Byzantium), but its cyclopean walls had prevented Islam from entering Europe through its eastern doorway for the previous seven centuries, beginning with the First Arab Siege of Constantinople (674-678).
Indeed, as Byzantine historian John Julius Norwich puts it, “Had the Saracens captured Constantinople in the seventh century rather than the fifteenth, all Europe—and America—might be Muslim today.” When Muslim forces failed again in the Second Arab Siege of Constantinople
(717-718), conquering the ancient Christian capital became something of
an obsession for a succession of caliphates and sultanates.
was only with the rise of the Ottoman sultanate—so named after its
eponymous Turkic founder, Osman (b.1258)—that conquering the city, which
was arguably better fortified than any other in the world, became a
possibility, not least in thanks to the concomitant spread of gunpowder
and cannons from China to Eurasia. By 1400, his descendants had managed
to invade and conquer a significant portion of the southern
Balkans—thereby isolating and essentially turning Constantinople into a
Christian island in an Islamic sea.
Crying, “The City is lost, but I live,” Emperor Constantine XI stripped
and flung off his royal regalia and “spurred on his horse and reached
the spot where the Turks were coming in large numbers.” With his steed
he “knocked the impious from the walls” and with “his drawn sword in his
right hand, he killed many opponents, while blood was streaming from
his legs and arms.” Inspired by their lord, men shouting “Better to
die!” rushed into and were consumed by the oncoming throng. “The Emperor
was caught up among these, fell and rose again, then fell once more.”
Read it all here..................
|posted by Major D Swami (Retired) @ 11:59 PM