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7th Rangers: Indianisation of early Malay kingdoms and society by Ranjit Singh Malhi
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" “When you're left wounded on

Afganistan's plains and

the women come out to cut up what remains,

Just roll to your rifle

and blow out your brains,

And go to your God like a soldier”

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" “We are not retreating. We are advancing in another direction.”

“It is fatal to enter any war without the will to win it.”

“Old soldiers never die; they just fade away.
“The soldier, above all other people, prays for peace,
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Rather we should thank God that such men lived.

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Which must always come to pass

He hoped his shoes were shining



Just as bright as his brass
"Step forward you Soldier,
How shall I deal with you?
Have you always turned the other cheek?

To My Church have you been true?"

"No, Lord, I guess I ain't


Because those of us who carry guns

Can't always be a saint."

I've had to work on Sundays
And at times my talk was tough,
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Because the world is awfully rough.

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Though at times I shook with fear,

And sometimes, God forgive me,

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Among the people here.

They never wanted me around
Except to calm their fears.
If you've a place for me here,
Lord, It needn't be so grand,



I never expected or had too much,
But if you don't, I'll understand."
There was silence all around the throne
Where the saints had often trod
As the Soldier waited quietly,
For the judgment of his God.

"Step forward now, you Soldier,

You've borne your burden well.
Walk peacefully on Heaven's streets,
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Indianisation of early Malay kingdoms and society by Ranjit Singh Malhi
Sunday, October 24, 2021

Malaysiakini HISTORY: TOLD AS IT IS | As a multi-ethnic nation, Malaysia must take pride in its multi-cultural and multi-religious heritage as reflected in Tourism Malaysia’s slogan, “Malaysia, Truly Asia”

Ranjit Singh Malhi

In this regard, we must not deny the significant impact of Indian civilisation since the early centuries of the Common Era (CE) on the development of early Malay kingdoms and society, particularly on the ruling and upper class. Indeed, till today, as reiterated by Ismail Hamid in his book ‘Masyarakat dan Budaya Melayu’, the Indian civilisation “has left behind some traces in every aspect of Malay life”, particularly pertaining to language, literature, customs, and the coronation ceremony of Malay rulers.

According to John F Cady, available evidence seems to suggest that “the massive cultural impact of India” on the Malays in the Malay Peninsula prior to the 14th century was “virtually overwhelming”. Similarly, Nik Hassan Shuhaimi states that “up to the 14th century, Hindu-Buddhist influences had a major impact on Malaysian culture.”

Nevertheless, it is important to note that the Malay society did not blindly embrace the Hindu-Buddhist culture in its entirety, but rather adapted it to suit local cultural patterns and religious beliefs. For example, the Malays did not adopt the Hindu caste system and that the scripts of Indian origin were modified for local language writing. Sadly, our current school history textbooks have downplayed the influence of Indian civilisation on Malay kingdoms and society before the 14th century.

Worse still, the “ethno-nationalist narrative” of local history repeatedly claims that Parameswara, the Hindu-Buddhist founder of the Melaka sultanate, became a Muslim in 1414 and took a new name, Megat Iskandar Syah. However, based on Ming records, Parameswara died in late 1413 or early 1414 and was succeeded by his son, Megat Iskandar Syah. Make no mistake about it - Parameswara died as a Hindu-Buddhist.

According to the ‘Sejarah Melayu’ or Malay Annals and other leading historians such as Oliver W Wolters, Christopher H Wake and Mary Turnbull, the first Melaka ruler to embrace Islam in the 1430s was Sri Maharaja, the third ruler of Melaka, who assumed the name of Muhammad Syah.

Read it all here.............
posted by Major D Swami (Retired) @ 5:12 PM  
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